Establishing the etymological origin of the term apnea leads us to move to
Greek, since it comes from that language. This is made up of the sum of two
perfectly delimited parts: the prefix - a which is equivalent to
"negation" and the verb pnein that can be translated as "breathe".
It is called apnea to a disease of the
respiratory tract whose symptom is the cessation of breathing for
at the least ten seconds. According to its characteristics, this difficulty can
be divided into three types: obstructive (determined by a
respiratory effort generated by the absence of respiration), central (produced
by both lack of effort and the respiratory signal) and mixed (generated
from the combination of central apnea with obstructive apnea).
this syndrome has also been defined as obstructive sleep apnea,
because it manifests itself while the person who suffers from
it is sleeping. For this reason, it is common for those who suffer from this
disease to be unable to rest properly since, in the absence of oxygen, the brain
is forced to interrupt sleep in order to recover the respiratory rhythm. Morning
headaches, pulmonary hypertension and heart problems are some of the ailments
caused by apnea.
Excessive drowsiness, chronic fatigue, various respiratory disorders or
psychological disorders, such as nervous depression or anxiety, are some of the
main symptoms that indicate that a person is suffering from this clinical
condition, which is also known as apnea syndrome. -hypopnea during sleep.
However, it should also not be forgotten that there are also cardiovascular
symptoms that can warn that someone is suffering from this
pathology. Specifically, among them are angina, high blood pressure, cerebral
infarction or myocardial infarction.
Apnea treatments include continuous supply of pressurized air (injects
air that removes blockage, via a compressor, hose, and mask), mandibular
advancement devices (work if the source of the obstruction is the basis
of the tongue) and surgeries (an
otolaryngologist must consider whether or not surgical intervention is
And all this without forgetting either that when a patient suffering from
apnea undergoes treatment, it is also necessary to comply with a series of basic
rules to ensure that said treatment has the expected effect. Among the most
important rules are to strictly follow a very healthy and balanced diet in order
to lose weight.
In addition to all this, smoking cessation is also required in the event that
the person who has apnea has this vice and finally also eliminating the intake
of alcohol as well as medications such as sedatives that are used to relax what
is the system nervous.
On the other hand, the term apnea has also been used to give name to a sport that
is characterized by diving in the depths of the sea with pure lungs,
that is, without traditional equipment such as snorkeling. Given its
peculiarities, this discipline requires a great power of mental relaxation, good
nutrition, optimal hydration, the development of mammalian reflexes in humans
and training in anoxic environments.