In order to know the meaning of the term attachment, it is interesting to
discover, first of all, its etymological origin. In this case, it can be said
that it is a word derived from Latin and that it is the fruit of the sum of two
-The prefix "ad-", which can be translated as "towards".
-The verb "picare", which is synonymous with "paste" or "unite".
the concept of attachment is used to name the affection, devotion or esteem that
is felt or evidenced towards a person or a thing. It is an idea that has been
approached by psychology, philosophy and religion.
For psychologists, attachment is an emotional bond that extends over
time and is intense. The closeness with the other person offers
shelter and security: for this reason an individual, when he
feels threatened or anguished, tends to look for the subject for whom he has an
It is important to mention that, beyond the feeling, the attachment can be
observed through the adopted behavior. A child with an
attachment to his mother will be with her at all times and will
seek her embrace.
The bond of attachment between a son and his parents, in fact, leads to the
little one feeling anguish when he physically separates himself from his
parents. That is why it is common for him to cry when being in the care of
The so-called attachment theory is responsible for analyzing
the dynamics of these links between human beings. Experts say
that for babies, forging an attachment relationship with their parents or
caregivers is essential for their subsequent emotional and social
development. Under this precept, attachment parenting emerged,
a trend that promotes the establishment of a strong bond of attachment between
children and their parents so that children develop an independent and secure
It must be established that the first psychologist to talk about attachment
as such was John Bowlby, who established two different types of it:
-The secure attachment, which is characterized because parents maintain
expressions and actions of affection at all times, on many occasions as a way to
meet the demands of children.
-The insecure attachment. This is the one that takes place when there are
deficiencies on the part of the parents regarding the care of their
children. Within this type of attachment, three variants can be found: the
ambivalent, in which the child has a bad concept of himself and good of
others; the avoidant, in which the minor trusts in himself but not in the
rest; and the disorganized. The latter is characterized by the fact that the
little one has a bad opinion of both himself and others.
Among the main causes that can cause a lack of attachment of the minor to
children and vice versa are some like these:
-The more or less long family separations.
-The vital experiences that parents live at a certain time.
-The difficult character of adults or minors.
For Buddhists, attachment (known by the Sanskrit term upadana)
and desire (trisna) are the causes of suffering: in
order to reach the state of fullness called nirvana, it is
necessary not to cling to anything.