It is called pairing to the act and result of
pairing a verb that can refer to different issues:
bringing together males and females to have breeding assemble two elements to
form a pair or have different objects so that they are equal.
If we focus on the field of biology, the notion of mating
encompasses the behaviors and actions that two
individuals of different sex carry out for the development of procreation. Mating,
in this context, ends in copulation.
It is important to note that before reaching this last step, which consists
of the action that the male performs to inseminate the female, which is usually
described by the term penetration, mating is a broader set, in which
we also find the different forms of courtship.
Courtship is a process that begins with the selection of an individual with
the aim of maintaining intimate relationships with him, and the subsequent
behavior to attract him. Although this term is currently used especially to
speak of animal species, it is also used by humans.
Animal species, to reproduce, develop mating naturally. However, in some
cases, man intervenes in reproduction and
neglects that mating. This occurs when artificial insemination of
livestock is used, for example. In these cases, the animals do not mate to have
The structuring of sexual behaviors is known as a mating system. Links
can be within the framework of monogamy or polygamy, depending on the
species. In the case of the human being, the mating system is
very wide since there are multiple types of relationships. Humans also often
develop sexual relations without reproductive purposes.
the idea of mating also appears in other areas that are not
linked to sexuality. The base pairing is the interaction
established nucleobases and permits hybridization of ribonucleic acid (RNA)
and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
To achieve the emergence of such folded or hybridized forms of nucleic acids,
it is necessary that certain well-defined regions interact. The well-known
scientists Francis Harry Compton Crick and James Dewey
Watson, originally from England and the United States respectively,
modeled a mating pattern in which the guanine-cytosine,
adenine-thymine interaction can be seen, resulting in the double helix
structure deoxyribonucleic acid.
Another thing that arises from the complementary nature of such mating is the
mechanism of transcription and replication, two fundamental processes for
the processing and transfer of genetic information. This phenomenon can be both
intramolecular and intermolecular; for example, single-stranded RNAs are paired
intramolecularly, between single-stranded parts that complement each other,
while the bases of one strand of DNA do so the other way, intramolecularly, with
those of the strand that complements them.
The interactions that can be seen during base pairing are governed by hydrogen
bonding. Stability can only be obtained if the pairs have an adequate
degree of geometric correspondence. Over the decades since base mating was first
observed, scientists have discovered several types; in addition to the
aforementioned of Watson and Crick, the Wobble, the Hoogsteen and the one given
with sugar oriented in trans or cis stand out.
In graph theory, mating is the group of edges that lack shared vertices in a graph.